An Overview on Mesenchymal Stem Cells Derived from Extraembryonic Tissues: Supplement Sources and Isolation Methods
Authors Salehinejad P, Moshrefi M, Eslaminejad T
Received 5 February 2020
Accepted for publication 25 June 2020
Published 7 July 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 57—65
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Bernard Binetruy
Parvin Salehinejad,1 Mojgan Moshrefi,2,3 Touba Eslaminejad4
1Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran; 2Medical Nanotechnology and Tissue Engineering Research Center, Yazd Reproductive Science Institute, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran; 3Research and Clinical Center for Infertility, Yazd Reproductive Science Institute, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran; 4Pharmaceutics Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmacology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Correspondence: Touba Eslaminejad
Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
Purpose: The main aim of this review was to provide an updated comprehensive report regarding isolation methods of MSCs from human extra embryonic tissues, including cord blood, amniotic fluid, and different parts of the placenta and umbilical cord, with respect to the efficacy of these methods.
Results: Extra embryonic tissues are the most available source for harvesting of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). They make a large number of cells accessible using non-invasive methods of isolation and the least immune-rejection reactions. A successful culture of primary cells requires obtaining a maximum yield of functional and viable cells from the tissues. In addition, there are many reports associated with their differentiation into various kinds of cells, and there are some clinical trials regarding their utilization for patients.
Conclusion: Currently, cord blood-MSCs have been tested for cartilage and lung diseases. Umbilical cord-MSCs were tested for liver and neural disorders. However, these MSCs can be isolated, expanded, and cryopreserved in a cell bank for patients in need.
Keywords: cord blood-MSCs, umbilical cord-MSCs, amniotic fluid, placenta, embryonic tissues, immune-rejection
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]