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An MRI-visible non-viral vector for targeted Bcl-2 siRNA delivery to neuroblastoma

Authors Shen M, Gong FM, Pang PF, Zhu KS, Meng XC, Wu C, Wang J, Shan H, Shuai XT

Received 12 April 2012

Accepted for publication 14 May 2012

Published 2 July 2012 Volume 2012:7 Pages 3319—3332

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S32900

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Min Shen,1,* Faming Gong,3,* Pengfei Pang,1,* Kangshun Zhu,1 Xiaochun Meng,1 Chun Wu,1 Jin Wang,1 Hong Shan,1,2 Xintao Shuai3,4

1Molecular Imaging Lab, Department of Radiology, The Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China; 2Institute of Intervention Radiology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China; 3PCFM Lab of Ministry of Education, School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China; 4Center of Biomedical Engineering, Zhongshan School of Medicine, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China
*These authors contributed equally to this work

Abstract: Polyethylene glycol-grafted polyethylenimine (PEG-g-PEI) which was functionalized with a neuroblastoma cell-specific ligand, the GD2 single chain antibody (scAbGD2), was synthesized in order to effectively deliver Bcl-2 siRNA into neuroblastoma cells. This polymer was complexed first with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticle (SPION) to get a MRI-visible targeted non-viral vector (scAbGD2-PEG-g-PEI-SPION) and then with Bcl-2 siRNA to form nanoparticles showing low cytotoxicity. The targeting capacity of scAbGD2-PEG-g-PEI-SPION was successfully verified in vivo and in vitro by magnetic resonance imaging. The single chain antibody encoded targeted polyplex was more effective in transferring Bcl-2 siRNA than the nontargeting one in SK-N-SH cells, a human neuroblastoma cell line, resulting in a 46.34% inhibition in the expression of Bcl-2 mRNA. Consequently, a high level of cell apoptosis up to 50.76% and a significant suppression of tumor growth were achieved, which indicates that scAbGD2-PEG-g-PEI-SPION is a promising magnetic resonance imaging-visible non-viral vector for targeted neuroblastoma siRNA therapy and diagnosis.

Keywords: tumor targeting, GD2, non-viral vector, Bcl-2 small interfering RNA, magnetic resonance imaging

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