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An Evidence-Informed and Key Informants-Appraised Conceptual Framework for an Integrated Elderly Health Care Governance in Iran (IEHCG-IR)

Authors Abbasian M, Shaghaghi A

Received 18 April 2020

Accepted for publication 21 July 2020

Published 27 August 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 1365—1374

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S258661

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto


Mehdi Abbasian, Abdolreza Shaghaghi

Elderly Health Section, Health Education & Promotion Department, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

Correspondence: Abdolreza Shaghaghi
Health Education & Promotion Department, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Golgasht Ave, Tabriz 5166614711, Iran
Email shaghaghir@tbzmed.ac.ir

Purpose: Population ageing has been steadily rising in Iran and in the over 60-year-old population, the ratio increased from 5.4% in 1986 to 8.6% in 2016 which represents an increase of 4.3 million over the past three decades. The inevitable impacts of a growing elderly population on the demand-side of the health care provision (HCP) equilibrium call for an urgent revision of the current arrangements of the Iran’s National health care system (INHS). The main aim of this study was to scrutinize the best available scientific evidence on the international integrated elderly health care governance (HCG) models to revamp health care practice and policy-making processes in Iran.
Materials and Methods: This multiphasic study consists of a scoping review of existent HCP modalities for the elderly population worldwide, and the disposition of an optimal HCP scheme for the elderly population and its application for the detection of the gaps in Iran. The final stage includes a Delphi-based consultation and consensus process which was reciprocated in three rounds and the key subjects were requested to give their judgment on the eventuated HCP layout designed to serve the ageing Iranian population.
Results: The yielded model (IEHCG-IR) included four dimensions consistent with the four levels of prevention along with social support services. The structure and feasibility of the preliminary framework were approved by 83.6% of the study participants.
Conclusion: The study findings could have important implications for future policy making in the INHS and the suggested healthcare framework for the elderly Iranian population could be a preliminary model for health system re-engineering.

Keywords: healthcare, elder, aged, model, Iran

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