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Altered spontaneous brain activity pattern in patients with late monocular blindness in middle-age using amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation: a resting-state functional MRI study

Authors Li Q, Huang X, Ye L, Wei R, Zhang Y, Zhong Y, Jiang N, Shao Y

Received 15 July 2016

Accepted for publication 27 October 2016

Published 5 December 2016 Volume 2016:11 Pages 1773—1780

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S117292

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Colin Mak

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Zhi-Ying Wu

Qing Li,1,2,* Xin Huang,2,3,* Lei Ye,2 Rong Wei,2 Ying Zhang,2 Yu-Lin Zhong,2,4 Nan Jiang,2 Yi Shao2

1Department of Pharmacy, The Jiangxi Provincial People’s Hospital, Nanchang, Jiangxi, People’s Republic of China; 2Department of Ophthalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, Jiangxi Province Clinical Ophthalmology Institute and Oculopathy Research Centre, Nanchang, Jiangxi, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Ophthalmology, The First People’s Hospital of Jiujiang City, Jiujiang, Jiangxi, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Ophthalmology, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiujiang University, Jiujiang, Jiangxi, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Objective: Previous reports have demonstrated significant brain activity changes in bilateral blindness, whereas brain activity changes in late monocular blindness (MB) at rest are not well studied. Our study aimed to investigate spontaneous brain activity in patients with late middle-aged MB using the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) method and their relationship with clinical features.
Methods: A total of 32 patients with MB (25 males and 7 females) and 32 healthy control (HC) subjects (25 males and 7 females), similar in age, sex, and education, were recruited for the study. All subjects were performed with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging scanning. The ALFF method was applied to evaluate spontaneous brain activity. The relationships between the ALFF signal values in different brain regions and clinical features in MB patients were investigated using correlation analysis.
Results: Compared with HCs, the MB patients had marked lower ALFF values in the left cerebellum anterior lobe, right parahippocampal gyrus, right cuneus, left precentral gyrus, and left paracentral lobule, but higher ALFF values in the right middle frontal gyrus, left middle frontal gyrus, and left supramarginal gyrus. However, there was no linear correlation between the mean ALFF signal values in brain regions and clinical manifestations in MB patients.
Conclusion: There were abnormal spontaneous activities in many brain regions including vision and vision-related regions, which might indicate the neuropathologic mechanisms of vision loss in the MB patients. Meanwhile, these brain activity changes might be used as a useful clinical indicator for MB.

Keywords:
ALFF, monocular blindness, resting state, spontaneous activity

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