Back to Browse Journals » Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety » Volume 5

Alcohol and prescription drug safety in older adults

Authors Zanjani F, Hoogland AI, Downer BG

Received 29 September 2012

Accepted for publication 15 November 2012

Published 25 February 2013 Volume 2013:5 Pages 13—27

DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/DHPS.S38666

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 3

Faika Zanjani,1,2 Aasha I Hoogland,1 Brian G Downer1

1Department of Gerontology, 2Building Interdisciplinary Research Careers in Women's Health University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, USA

Background: The objectives of this study were to investigate older adults' knowledge of prescription drug safety and interactions with alcohol, and to identify pharmacists' willingness to disseminate prescription drug safety information to older adults.
Methods: The convenience sample consisted of 48 older adults aged 54–89 years who were recruited from a local pharmacy and who completed surveys addressing their alcohol consumption, understanding of alcohol and prescription drug interactions, and willingness to change habits regarding alcohol consumption and prescription drugs. To address pharmacist willingness, 90 pharmacists from local pharmacies volunteered and answered questions regarding their willingness to convey prescription drug safety information to older adults.
Results: Older adults reported low knowledge of alcohol and prescription drug safety, with women tending to be slightly more knowledgeable. More importantly, those who drank in the previous few months were less willing to talk to family and friends about how alcohol can have harmful interactions with prescription drugs, or to be an advocate for safe alcohol and prescription drug use than those who had not had a drink recently. Pharmacists reported that they were willing to convey prescription drug safety information to older adults via a variety of formats, including displaying or distributing a flyer, and directly administering a brief intervention.
Conclusion: In this study, older adults were found to have inadequate knowledge of prescription drug safety and interactions with alcohol, but pharmacists who regularly come in contact with older adults indicated that they were ready and willing to talk to older adults about prescription drug safety. Future research should focus on interventions whereby pharmacists disseminate prescription drug safety information to older adults in order to improve healthy prescription drug and alcohol behavior and reduce medical and health costs associated with interactions between alcohol and prescription drugs.

Keywords: aging, alcohol, drug, pharmacist, prescription drugs, safety

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML] 

 

Readers of this article also read:

Advances in stent technologies and their effect on clinical efficacy and safety

Nikam N, Steinberg TB, Steinberg DH

Medical Devices: Evidence and Research 2014, 7:165-178

Published Date: 3 June 2014

Safety and efficacy of tazarotene foam for the treatment of acne vulgaris

Epstein E, Stein Gold L

Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology 2013, 6:123-125

Published Date: 14 May 2013

Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin-II receptor blockers: do future research needs differ across disease states?

Crowley MJ, Powers BJ, Myers ER, McCrory DC, McBroom AJ, Sanders GD

Comparative Effectiveness Research 2013, 3:1-9

Published Date: 10 January 2013

The economic burden of patient safety targets in acute care: a systematic review

Mittmann N, Koo M, Daneman N, McDonald A, Baker M, Matlow A, Krahn M, Shojanai KG, Etchells E

Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety 2012, 4:141-165

Published Date: 5 October 2012

Safety and clinical efficacy of golimumab in the treatment of arthritides

Ismail Simsek, Yusuf Yazici

Drug, Healthcare and Patient Safety 2010, 2:169-180

Published Date: 28 September 2010