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Aggressive behavior, cognitive impairment, and depressive symptoms in elderly subjects

Authors Margari F, Sicolo M, Spinelli L, Mastroianni F, Pastore A, Craig F, Petruzzelli MG

Received 9 May 2012

Accepted for publication 12 June 2012

Published 1 August 2012 Volume 2012:8 Pages 347—353

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S33745

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2


Francesco Margari,1 Michele Sicolo,1 Lucia Spinelli,1 Franco Mastroianni,2 Adriana Pastore,1 Francesco Craig,3 Maria Giuseppina Petruzzelli3

1Psychiatry Unit, Department of Neuroscience and Sense Organs, Hospital Polyclinic of Bari, University of Bari “Aldo Moro”, 2Geriatrics Unit, Hospital “Miulli”, Acquaviva delle Fonti; 3Child Neuropsychiatry Unit, Department of Neuroscience and Sense Organs, University of Bari “Aldo Moro,” Bari, Italy

Abstract: Patients with dementia often have neuropsychiatric symptoms. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between neuropsychiatric symptoms and progressive cognitive decline by assessing cognitive impairment, depressive symptoms, and aggressive behavior in a sample of elderly subjects. The study sample consisted of 201 subjects admitted to nursing homes. For the purpose of the present study each subject was evaluated using the Mini-Mental State Examination, the Geriatric Depression Scale, and the Modified Overt Aggression Scale. The results show that aggressive behavior and depressive symptoms are associated with progressive cognitive decline in elderly subjects. Early assessment of these conditions can promote rational therapeutic strategies that may improve the quality of life and delay institutionalization for elderly patients.

Keywords: neuropsychiatric symptoms, dementia, behavioral and psychological syndromes of dementia (BPSD), progressive cognitive decline

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