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AEG-1 as a predictor of sensitivity to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in advanced epithelial ovarian cancer

Authors Wang Y, Jin X, Song H, Meng F

Received 17 December 2015

Accepted for publication 2 March 2016

Published 20 April 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 2385—2392

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S102648

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Lucy Goodman

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Min Li


Yao Wang,1,* Xin Jin,2,* Hongtao Song,3 Fanling Meng4

1Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 2Department of Intensive Care Unit, The General Hospital of Daqing Oil Field, Daqing, 3Department of Pathology, 4Department of Gynecology, The Affiliated Tumor Hospital, Harbin Medical University, Harbin, People’s Republic of China

*These authors contributed equally to this work

Objectives: Astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1) plays a critical role in tumor progression and chemoresistance. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protein expression of AEG-1 in patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) who underwent debulking surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC).
Materials and methods: The protein expression of AEG-1 was analyzed using immunohistochemistry in 162 patients with EOC. The relationship between AEG-1 expression and chemotherapy resistance was assessed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses with covariate adjustments.
Results: High AEG-1 expression was significantly associated with the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage, age, serum cancer antigen-125 concentration, histological grade, the presence of residual tumor after the interval debulking surgery, and lymph node metastasis. Furthermore, AEG-1 expression was significantly higher in NAC-resistant disease than in NAC-sensitive disease (P<0.05). Multivariate analyses indicated that elevated AEG-1 expression predicted poor survival.
Conclusion: Our findings indicate that AEG-1 may be a potential new biomarker for predicting chemoresistance and poor prognoses in patients with EOC.

Keywords: AEG-1, epithelial ovarian cancer, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, interval debulking surgery

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