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Adult-onset Kawasaki disease (mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome) and concurrent Coxsackievirus A4 infection: a case report

Authors Ueda Y, Kenzaka T, Noda A, Yamamoto Y, Matsumura M

Received 17 June 2015

Accepted for publication 2 August 2015

Published 29 September 2015 Volume 2015:8 Pages 225—230

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IMCRJ.S90685

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Yang Liu

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Ronald Prineas

Yuki Ueda,1 Tsuneaki Kenzaka,1,2 Ayako Noda,1 Yu Yamamoto,1 Masami Matsumura1

1Division of General Internal Medicine, Jichi Medical University Hospital, Shimotsuke, 2Division of Community Medicine and Career Development, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Japan

Introduction: Kawasaki disease (KD) most commonly develops in infants, although its specific cause is still unclear. We report here a rare case of adult-onset KD which revealed to be concurrently infected by Coxsackievirus A4.
Case presentation: The patient was a 37-year-old Japanese man who presented with fever, exanthema, changes in the peripheral extremities, bilateral non-exudative conjunctival injection, and changes in the oropharynx, signs that meet the diagnostic criteria for KD defined by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In this case, the patient had a significantly high antibody titer for Coxsackievirus A4, which led us to presume that the occurrence of KD was concurrent Coxsackievirus A4 infection.
Conclusion: We reported a very rare case of KD which suggests that the disease can be concurrent Coxsackievirus A4 infection. Although KD is an acute childhood disease, with fever as one of the principal features, KD should also be considered in the differential diagnosis when adult patients present with a fever of unknown cause associated with a rash.

Keywords: adult-onset, Coxsackievirus A4, Kawasaki disease, mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome, skin rash

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