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Adult neural stem cells: The promise of the future

Authors Taupin P

Published 15 January 2008 Volume 2007:3(6) Pages 753—760


Philippe Taupin

National Neuroscience Institute, National University of Singapore

Abstract: Stem cells are self-renewing undifferentiated cells that give rise to multiple types of specialized cells of the body. In the adult, stem cells are multipotents and contribute to homeostasis of the tissues and regeneration after injury. Until recently, it was believed that the adult brain was devoid of stem cells, hence unable to make new neurons and regenerate. With the recent evidences that neurogenesis occurs in the adult brain and neural stem cells (NSCs) reside in the adult central nervous system (CNS), the adult brain has the potential to regenerate and may be amenable to repair. The function(s) of NSCs in the adult CNS remains the source of intense research and debates. The promise of the future of adult NSCs is to redefine the functioning and physiopathology of the CNS, as well as to treat a broad range of CNS diseases and injuries.

Keywords: neurogenesis, transdifferentiation, plasticity, cellular therapy

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