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Adrenocortical Carcinoma in Eight Children: A Report and Literature Review

Authors Li J, Zhang W, Hu H, Zhang Y, Wen Y, Huang D

Received 4 November 2020

Accepted for publication 22 January 2021

Published 11 February 2021 Volume 2021:13 Pages 1307—1314

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/CMAR.S289191

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Bilikere Dwarakanath


Jing Li, Weiling Zhang, Huimin Hu, Yi Zhang, Yuan Wen, Dongsheng Huang

Department of Pediatrics, Beijing Tongren Hospital of China Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100176, People’s Republic of China

Correspondence: Dongsheng Huang
Department of Pediatrics, Beijing Tongren Hospital of China Capital Medical University, No. 1 Dongjiao Lane, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100730, People’s Republic of China
Tel/Fax +86 10 5826 6032
Email dshuang588@163.com

Objective: This study aimed to summarize the clinical characteristics, comprehensive treatment, and prognosis of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) in children.
Methods: The clinical data of eight children with definite diagnoses of ACC were retrospectively analyzed, and statistical methods were used to analyze the clinical characteristics, comprehensive treatment mode, and prognosis of these patients.
Results: (1) Clinical characteristics: two were males and six were females with the median age of onset was six-years old were involved. Four patients had a rash and precocious puberty as the symptoms of onset. European Network for the Study of Adrenal Tumors (ENSAT) staging: stage II, two patients; stage IV, six patients. (2) Comprehensive treatment: all eight patients underwent surgical treatment and received six cycles of chemotherapy: the regimen was “etoposide + pirarubicin + cisplatin + mitotane.” (3) Prognosis analysis: among these eight patients, two patients died, two patients achieved complete remission, the disease was stable in four patients, and the overall five-year survival rate was 75%. Prognosis analyzed according to ENSAT staging (stage II versus stage IV) revealed that two-year survival rates of the two groups were 100% versus 65%, respectively, without statistical significant (χ2 = 1.066, P = 0.302). Prognosis analyzed according to Weiss score (Weiss score was < 6, five patients;≥ 6, three patients) revealed That survival time of the two groups was 50± 9.52 months versus 6± 1.70 months, the two-year survival rates of the two groups were 100% versus 35%, and the difference in survival rates between these two groups was statistically significant (χ2 = 4.091, P = 0.043).
Conclusion: The Weiss score is an important prognostic factor for ACC. The chemotherapy regimen “mitotane + etoposide + adriamycin + cisplatin” is recommended.

Keywords: adrenocortical carcinoma, children, prognosis

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