Addition of a fixed combination of brinzolamide 1%/timolol 0.5% to prostaglandin monotherapy in patients with glaucoma or ocular hypertension
Katrin Lorenz1, Klaus Rosbach2, Andreas Matt3, Norbert Pfeiffer1
1University Medical Center, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz, Mainz, Germany; 2Private practice, Mainz, Germany; 3Private practice, Köln-Hohenhaus, Germany
Background: This study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of adding a fixed combination of brinzolamide 1%/timolol 0.5% to prostaglandin analog (PGA) monotherapy in patients with primary open-angle glaucoma, pigment dispersion glaucoma, or ocular hypertension who require additional intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction.
Methods: This was a prospective, multicenter (n = 5), open-label, single-arm, Phase IV clinical trial in which patients currently being treated with a PGA but requiring additional IOP reduction were administered brinzolamide 1%/timolol 0.5% twice daily as adjunctive therapy to their current PGA monotherapy regimen. The primary objective was to examine the IOP-lowering efficacy of brinzolamide-timolol when used as adjunctive therapy.
Results: Forty-seven patients enrolled in and completed the study. After 12 weeks of adjunctive brinzolamide-timolol therapy, the mean IOP of the total patient population decreased from 22.1 mmHg at baseline to 16.7 mmHg. The mean IOP reduction of 5.4 mmHg (24.4%) was both clinically and statistically significant (P < 0.001). This significant decrease in mean IOP at week 12 was maintained across all PGA groups (P < 0.05). No significant differences were observed in symptom frequency between baseline and week 12 for any of the six solicited symptoms. A total of 17 adverse events from six patients was reported, of which ten were drug-related. Most (n = 7) of the drug-related adverse events were mild or moderate in intensity. None of the adverse events required any treatment or resulted in treatment interruption or discontinuation. Of the 90 eligible eyes, 85.6% had a decrease in IOP of at least 3 mmHg from baseline and 98% of patients had a decrease in IOP of ≥1 mmHg.
Conclusion: This study suggests that a fixed combination of brinzolamide 1%/timolol 0.5% can provide additional IOP reduction effectively and safely when used as adjunctive therapy for patients receiving insufficient IOP reduction from PGA monotherapy.
Keywords: adjunctive therapy, brinzolamide, carbonic anhydrase inhibitor, fixed combination, glaucoma, intraocular pressure
This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.