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Acute vision loss and choroidal filling delay in the absence of giant-cell arteritis

Authors Bei L, Lee I, Lee M, Van Stavern G, McClelland CM

Received 6 May 2016

Accepted for publication 21 June 2016

Published 13 September 2016 Volume 2016:10 Pages 1573—1578


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser

Ling Bei,1 Iris Lee,2 Michael S Lee,3 Greg P Van Stavern,1 Collin M McClelland3

1Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Neurosciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, 2Casey Eye Institute, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR, 3Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Neurosciences, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA

Abstract: Giant-cell arteritis (GCA) is a visually devastating disease that often progresses to severe bilateral vision loss if untreated. Diagnosis of GCA is made challenging by the protean nature of the disease and the lack of a simple test that is both highly sensitive and specific. Choroidal filling delay on fluorescein angiography (FA) has been touted as a highly characteristic feature of GCA-related vision loss, although knowledge of both the sensitivity and specificity of this finding remains unproven. We report our experience of delayed choroidal filling on FA in a series of seven patients referred to an academic neuro-ophthalmology practice due to concern for GCA. Despite the FA findings, our examination, diagnostic testing, and long-term follow-up excluded the diagnosis of GCA in all cases, suggesting that choroidal perfusion abnormalities may occur in the absence of GCA. When evaluating a patient for acute vision loss, the astute clinician must remain cognizant of the limitations of FA in the diagnosis of GCA.

Keywords: giant-cell arteritis, fluorescein angiography, delayed choroidal filling

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