Acute respiratory distress syndrome: epidemiology and management approaches
Allan J Walkey,1 Ross Summer,1 Vu Ho,1 Philip Alkana2
1The Pulmonary Center, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA; 2Asthma Research Center, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
Abstract: Acute lung injury and the more severe acute respiratory distress syndrome represent a spectrum of lung disease characterized by the sudden onset of inflammatory pulmonary edema secondary to myriad local or systemic insults. The present article provides a review of current evidence in the epidemiology and treatment of acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome, with a focus on significant knowledge gaps that may be addressed through epidemiologic methods.
Keywords: acute lung injury, acute respiratory distress syndrome, review, epidemiology
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