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Acute kidney injury: risk factors and management challenges in developing countries

Authors Ponce D, Balbi A

Received 20 June 2016

Accepted for publication 14 July 2016

Published 22 August 2016 Volume 2016:9 Pages 193—200

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IJNRD.S104209

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Pravin Singhal


Daniela Ponce, Andre Balbi

Department of Medicine, Botucatu School of Medicine, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Abstract: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major global health problem in both developed and developing nations, negatively affecting patient morbidity and responsible for an estimated 1.4 million deaths per year. Although the International Society of Nephrology set a goal of eliminating preventable deaths from AKI by 2025, implementation of this program in developing countries presents major challenges not only because of the lack of resources but also because of the scarce data addressing the epidemiology and causes of AKI in developing countries, the limited health care resources to diagnose and treat AKI, and the poor awareness of the impact of AKI on patient outcomes.

Keywords: acute kidney injury, developing world, treatment

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