Abciximab: a reappraisal of its use in coronary care
Marco Valgimigli, Gianluca Campo, Matteo Tebaldi, Roberto Carletti, Chiara Arcozzi, Roberto Ferrari, Gianfranco Percoco
Cardiovascular Institute, Azienda Ospedaliera Universitaria S. Anna, Ferrara, Italy and Cardiovascular Research Centre, Salvatore Maugeri Foundation, IRCCS Gussago (BS), Italy
Abstract: Platelet reactivity plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of ischemic adverse events during and after acute coronary syndromes (ACS), and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitors are the strongest antiplatelet agents currently available on the market and three different compounds, namely abciximab, tirofiban, and eptifibatide, have been approved for clinical use. Abciximab has been investigated in the clinical field far more extensively than the other GPIIb/IIIa inhibitors. Abciximab is an anti-integrin Fab fragment of a human – mouse chimeric monoclonal antibody with high affinity and a slow dissociation rate from the GP IIb/IIIa platelet receptor. Abciximab, given shortly before the coronary intervention, is superior to placebo in reducing the acute risk of ischemic complications (EPIC, EPISTENT, EPILOG trials); moreover, in the ISAR-REACT 2 study abciximab has been shown to reduce the risk of adverse events in patients with non ST-segment elevation ACS who are undergoing PCI even after optimal pre-treatment with 600 mg of clopidogrel. Finally, abciximab has been also used in abciximab-coated stent, with only bolus administration regimen and for direct intracoronary use with promising results that may extend and/or modify its current use in clinical practice in future.
Keywords: abciximab, percutaneous coronary intervention, myocardial infarction
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