Back to Journals » International Journal of General Medicine » Volume 4

ABC of flexible cystoscopy for junior trainee and general practitioner

Authors Kadi N, Menezes

Published 19 August 2011 Volume 2011:4 Pages 593—596


Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Nourdin Kadi, Pravin Menezes
Urology Department, Sunderland Royal Hospital, Sunderland, England, UK

Introduction: Flexible cystoscopy is a diagnostic procedure usually performed under local anesthesia and has been used in the outpatient setting since the 1980s.
Methods: We performed an electronic search of MEDLINE® and the Cochrane Central Search Library between 1990 and 2010. Duplicate references were removed. One reviewer extracted the publications relevant to general clinical practice.
Results: MEDLINE search using the MsSH (Medical Subject Headings) words “flexible” and “cystoscopy” revealed 274 titles, and there were 42 titles in the Cochrane Central Search Library. However, interestingly, only 13 published papers addressing the clinical practice of flexible cystoscopy in the English literature were identified.
Conclusions: Flexible cystoscopy is a real revolution in the field of diagnostic urology.

Keywords: clinical practice, urology, fiberscope, urethrocystoscopy

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]


Readers of this article also read:

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Methacrylic-based nanogels for the pH-sensitive delivery of 5-Fluorouracil in the colon

Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5769-5779

Published Date: 15 November 2012

A novel preparation method for silicone oil nanoemulsions and its application for coating hair with silicone

Hu Z, Liao M, Chen Y, Cai Y, Meng L, Liu Y, Lv N, Liu Z, Yuan W

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5719-5724

Published Date: 12 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

Crystallization after intravitreal ganciclovir injection

Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:709-711

Published Date: 14 July 2010