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A year in the life of German patients with COPD: the DACCORD observational study

Authors Buhl R, Criée C, Kardos P, Vogelmeier C, Lossi N, Mailaender C, Worth H, Young D

Received 5 May 2016

Accepted for publication 25 June 2016

Published 20 July 2016 Volume 2016:11(1) Pages 1639—1646

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S112110

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Professor Hsiao-Chi Chuang

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell


Roland Buhl,1 Carl-Peter Criée,2 Peter Kardos,3 Claus Vogelmeier,4,5 Nadine Lossi,6 Claudia Mailänder,6 Heinrich Worth7

1Pulmonary Department, Mainz University Hospital, Mainz, 2Department of Sleep and Respiratory Medicine, Evangelical Hospital Göttingen-Weende, Bovenden, 3Group Practice and Centre for Allergy, Respiratory and Sleep Medicine, Red Cross Maingau Hospital, Frankfurt am Main, 4Department of Medicine, Pulmonary, and Critical Care Medicine, University Medical Center Giessen and Marburg, Philipps-University Marburg, 5German Center for Lung Research, Marburg, 6Clinical Research Primary Care, Novartis Pharma GmbH, Nürnberg, 7Facharztforum Fürth, Fürth, Germany

Introduction: Randomized interventional trials generally recruit highly selected patients. In contrast, long-term, noninterventional studies can reflect standard of care of real-life populations. DACCORD (Die ambulante Versorgung mit langwirksamen Bronchodilatatoren: COPD-Register in Deutschland [Outpatient Care With Long-Acting Bronchodilators: COPD Registry in Germany]) is an ongoing observational study, conducted in primary and secondary care in Germany, aiming to describe the impact of disease and treatments on real-life patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
Methods: Patients had a clinical and spirometry diagnosis of COPD, were aged ≥40 years, and were initiating or changing COPD maintenance medication. The only exclusion criteria were asthma and participation in a randomized clinical trial. Exacerbation data were collected every 3 months. COPD medication, COPD Assessment Test, and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) were recorded at the end of the 1 year period.
Results: In the 6 months prior to baseline, 26.5% of the 3,974 patients experienced ≥1 exacerbation, compared with 26.1% over the 1-year follow-up (annualized rate 0.384). Importantly, only previous exacerbations and not poor lung function alone predicted an increased exacerbation risk. There was a general shift to lower disease severity from baseline to 1 year, predominantly as a consequence of a lower proportion of patients considered at high risk due to exacerbations. COPD Assessment Test mean change from baseline was -1.9, with 48.9% of patients reporting a clinically relevant improvement. Overall persistence to medication was high, with 77.2% of patients still receiving the same class of medication at 1 year.
Conclusion: DACCORD suggests that in clinical practice, the large majority of COPD patients are symptomatic but seldom exacerbate and that widely used tools and treatment recommendations do not reflect this fully.

Keywords:
COPD, epidemiology, COPD exacerbations

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