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A variant in 3'-untranslated region of KRAS compromises its interaction with hsa-let-7g and contributes to the development of lung cancer in patients with COPD

Authors Hu H, Zhang L, Teng G, Wu Y, Chen Y

Received 27 February 2015

Accepted for publication 9 April 2015

Published 17 August 2015 Volume 2015:10(1) Pages 1641—1649

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S83596

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell

Hua Hu,1 Linlin Zhang,1 Geling Teng,1 Yanhua Wu,1 Ying Chen2

1The Respiratory Department, Shandong Provincial Chest Hospital, 2The Clinical Laboratory of Shandong Provincial Chest Hospital, Jinan, Shandong, People’s Republic of China

Objective: The objective of the present study was to explore the molecular mechanism by which a single nucleotide polymorphism (rs712) interferes with interaction between 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of KRAS and let-7g, and its association with development of lung cancer in the patients with COPD.
Materials and methods: In this study, we confirmed that KRAS is a target of let-7g in lung cancer cells, and that introduction of rs712 minor allele into 3'-UTR significantly compromised the miRNA/mRNA interaction by using a luciferase reporter system. Additionally, a total of 35 lung tissue samples were obtained (TT:17, TG:12, GG:6), and let-7g and KRAS expression levels were determined.
Results: We showed that let-7g level was similar between groups, and the concentration of KRAS in GG genotype group was significantly higher than in TT or GT genotype group. Meanwhile, we found COPD patients with GG genotype had significantly higher risk for lung cancer (odds ratio OR =6.83, P=0.0081), compared with TT and GT genotypes.
Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that KRAS 3'-UTR rs712 polymorphism interfered with miRNA/mRNA interaction, and showed that the minor allele was associated with an elevated risk for development of lung cancer in COPD.

Keywords: let-7g, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, KRAS, single nucleotide polymorphism

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