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A systematic diagnostic evaluation combined with an internet-based self-management support system for patients with asthma or COPD

Authors van Buul AR, Wildschut TS, Bonten TN, Kasteleyn MJ, Slats AM, Chavannes NH, Taube C

Received 25 May 2018

Accepted for publication 1 August 2018

Published 12 October 2018 Volume 2018:13 Pages 3297—3306

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/COPD.S175361

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Amy Norman

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell


Amanda R van Buul,1 Thomas S Wildschut,1,2 Tobias N Bonten,1,2 Marise J Kasteleyn,1,2 Annelies M Slats,1 Niels H Chavannes,2 Christian Taube1,3

1Department of Pulmonology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands; 2Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, the Netherlands; 3Department of Pulmonary Medicine, West German Lung Center, Essen University Hospital, Ruhrlandklinik, University Duisburg-Essen, Essen, Germany

Introduction: An (inter)national systematic approach for patients with asthma COPD referred to secondary care is lacking. Therefore, a novel systematic approach was designed and tested in clinical practice.
Methods: This was a retrospective observational study of data from the electronic record system of the Leiden University Medical Center. Asthma and COPD patients were included if they were evaluated with a novel systematic approach or if they had a new record for asthma or COPD and received usual care. The novel systematic approach consisted of a predefined diagnostic evaluation combined with an optional internet-based self-management support system. Diagnostic tests, final diagnosis, lifestyle advices, symptoms and individual care plans in the electronic records, number of patients referred back to primary care, and time to referral back to primary care were compared between the systematic approach and usual care groups using t-tests and chi-squared tests.
Results: A total of 125 patients were included, of which 22 (21.4%) were evaluated with the systematic approach. Mean (±SD) age was 48.8 (±18.4) years and 59.2% were women. Mean (±SD) number of diagnostic tests was higher in the systematic approach group compared with the usual care group (7.6±1.0 vs 5.5±1.8, P<0.001). Similarly, in the systematic approach group, more lifestyle advices (81.8% vs 29.1%), symptom scores (95.5% vs 21.4%), and individual care plans (50.0% vs 7.8%) were electronically recorded (P<0.001), and more patients were referred back to primary care (81.8% vs 56.3%, P=0.03). There were no differences in the final diagnoses and time to referral back.
Conclusion: Our study suggested that not all tests that were included in the systematic approach are regularly needed in the diagnostic work-up. In addition, a designated systematic approach stimulates physicians to record lifestyle advices, symptoms, and individual care plans. Thus, this approach could increase the number of patients referred back to primary care.

Keywords:
asthma, COPD, diagnostics, eHealth, outpatient clinic, systematic approach

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