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A survey on glycemic control rate of type 2 diabetes mellitus with different therapies and patients’ satisfaction in China

Authors Dong Q, Huang J, Liu S, Yang L, Li J, Li B, Zhao X, Li Z, Wu L

Received 19 December 2018

Accepted for publication 19 June 2019

Published 31 July 2019 Volume 2019:13 Pages 1303—1310

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/PPA.S198908

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Cristina Weinberg

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Naifeng Liu


Qiaoliang Dong, Jin Huang, Shunying Liu, Lingfeng Yang, Juan Li, Bei Li, Xue Zhao, Zaizhao Li, Liaofang Wu

Clinical Nursing Teaching and Research Section, The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University, Changsha, Hunan Province 410011, People’s Republic of China

Aim: To compare the blood glucose control of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) with different treatment methods, oral hypoglycemic agents (OHA) monotherapy, insulin injection and combined therapy (OHA + insulin injection) and evaluate their satisfaction with the medical care.
Methods: A total of 1512 T2DM patients were assessed, to compare the effects of different treatment methods on glycemic control in T2DM patients, the influencing factors of patients’ satisfaction with medical care measures and their relationship with glycemic control. Fasting plasma glucose (FPG), 2 hrs postprandial plasma glucose (2hPG) and HbA1c were measured as the standard of the glycemic control. Satisfaction was defined using the simplified version of DAWN of chronic disease care patient scale (PACIC - DSF).
Results: In this study, the FPG compliance rate, 2hPG compliance rate and HbA1c compliance rate were 25.5%, 22.7% and 19.5%, respectively. The differences in the glycemic control compliance rates of different treatment methods were not statistically significant. The total score of PACIC - DSF was 34.54±11.65(p>0.05), and the influencing factors included fast blood glucose (FBG) and 2hPG, 2hPG and PACIC - DSF were negatively correlated.
Conclusions: The T2DM glycemic control rate in China is currently low. From the score of the PACIC - DSF, there is no significant difference in general satisfaction with medical care measures in different treatments. What is more, education level, occupation and exercise of patients with type 2 diabetes had influence on PACIC - DSF score. Different treatment methods have no influence on the glycemic control of patients with T2DM. FPG value and the 2hPG value are negative correlation with the satisfaction of patients in medical care measures.

Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus, T2DM, glycemic control, PACIC - DSF

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