A Survey of Psychological Responses During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Epidemic among Chinese Police Officers in Wuhu
Authors Yuan L, Zhu L, Chen F, Cheng Q, Yang Q, Zhou ZZ, Zhu Y, Wu Y, Zhou Y, Zha X
Received 6 July 2020
Accepted for publication 23 October 2020
Published 20 November 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 2689—2697
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 4
Editor who approved publication: Professor Marco Carotenuto
Lili Yuan,1 Lele Zhu,2 Fangfang Chen,3 Qian Cheng,2 Qian Yang,1 Zhiming Zhou Zhou,1 Yujuan Zhu,1 Yigao Wu,4 Yong Zhou,2 Xiaojuan Zha2
1Department of Neurology, First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, Anhui Province, People’s Republic of China; 2Health Management Center, First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, Anhui Province, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Psychology, Fourth People’s Hospital of Wuhu, Wuhu, Anhui Province, People’s Republic of China; 4Department of Psychology, First Affiliated Hospital of Wannan Medical College, Wuhu, Anhui Province, People’s Republic of China
Correspondence: Lele Zhu; Xiaojuan Zha Email [email protected]; [email protected]
Background: The outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has presented serious threats to people’s health and lives. Police officers are bravely fighting on the front lines of the epidemic. The main purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and severity of psychological responses among police officers during the COVID-19 pandemic and find influencing factors in depression and anxiety.
Methods: A cross-sectional online questionnaire was administered to police officers in Wuhu through WeChat, and data were collected between March 10 and 26, 2020. A total of 3,561 questionnaires were received, of which 3,517 were considered valid. The questionnaires included demographic information and a psychological survey. The depression scale of the Patient Health QuestionnaireQ9) and Generalized Anxiety Disorder scale were utilized to assess depression and anxiety, respectively.
Results: The mean depression score of participants was 4.10± 4.87 (0– 27), and 12.17%had moderate–severe depression. The mean anxiety score of participants was 3.59± 4.228 (0– 21), and 8.79% had moderate–severe anxiety. Older and married police officers were at higher risk of anxiety. Those with a bachelor’s degree or above, living near the city center, and taking sleeping pills were at greater risk of depression and anxiety. Auxiliary police had lower depression and anxiety scores. Depression scores were strongly correlated withanxiety scores (r=0.863, p< 0.001).
Conclusion: Our findings identify factors associated with higher levels of depression and anxiety that can be utilized to develop psychological interventions to improve the mental health of vulnerable populations during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Keywords: COVID-19, police officers, psychological responses, anxiety, depression
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