A Study of the Relationship Among Burned Patients’ Resilience and Self-Efficacy and Their Quality of Life
Received 13 May 2020
Accepted for publication 17 July 2020
Published 4 August 2020 Volume 2020:14 Pages 1361—1369
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen
Banafsheh Tehranineshat,1 Fateme Mohammadi,2 Roya Mehdizade Tazangi,3 Mojtaba Sohrabpour,4 Ali Mohammad Parviniannasab,5 Mostafa Bijani6
1Community-Based Psychiatric Care Research Center, Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; 2Chronic Diseases (Home Care) Research Center, Autism Spectrum Disorders Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran; 3Student Research Committee, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran; 4Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center (NCDRC), Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran; 5Student Research Committee, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; 6Noncommunicable Diseases Research center (NCDRC), Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran
Correspondence: Mostafa Bijani
Noncommunicable Diseases Research center (NCDRC), Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa 81936-13119, Iran
Tel +98 9173308451
Introduction: Among the most common causes of death and disabilities worldwide, burn injuries can affect all aspects of the life quality of the burned patients. Despite the apparent impacts of resilience and self-efficacy on the quality of life, few studies have addressed the relationship among these variables in burned patients. Accordingly, the present study aimed to investigate the relationship among burned patients’ resilience and self-efficacy and their quality of life.
Methods: The present study was a descriptive, cross-sectional research conducted on 305 burned patients hospitalized in the largest burns hospital in the south-east of Iran. In this regard, the subjects were selected based on total population sampling. Data were collected using a questionnaire consisting of four sections as follows: a demographic survey, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), Lev Self-efficacy Scale, and Burn Specific Health Scale-Brief. The collected data were then analyzed using descriptive tests, Pearson correlation, and linear regression at a significance level of P< 0.05 in SPSS 22.
Results: The results show that there were significant positive correlations between the patients’ resilience and self-efficacy (P< 0.001, r=0.31), resilience and quality of life (P< 0.001, r=0.58), and self-efficacy and quality of life (P< 0.001, r=0.63).
Conclusion: It appears that burned patients’ self-confidence and ability in adjusting with their conditions after injury are correlated with their quality of life. Thus, it is recommended that healthcare policymakers adopt some strategies to improve resilience and self-efficacy in burned patients for enabling them to effectively cope with the stressful conditions that they face as a result of their injuries.
Keywords: resilience, self-efficacy, quality of life, burn patients
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