A review of the literature: direct and video laryngoscopy with simulation as educational intervention
Allison A Vanderbilt,1 Julie Mayglothling,1 Nicholas J Pastis,2 Douglas Franzen3
1School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, 2Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Medical University of South Carolina, SC, 3School of Medicine, University of Washington, WA, USA
Introduction: A review of the literature was conducted to analyze the impact of simulation-based training for direct and video laryngoscopy (VL) skills for health care professionals and health care students.
Methods: This review focused on the published literature that used randomized controlled trials to examine the effectiveness of simulation-based training to develop airway management skills and identify pertinent literature by searching PubMed from inception of the database up to July 2013. This current review addresses the question of whether airway management simulation-based training improves the acquisition of resuscitation skills for health care profession learners.
Results: A total of eleven articles qualified for this systematic review based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria. These studies were analyzed and the specific simulators, participants, assessments, and details related to: time of intubation; Cormack and Lehane classification; success and failure rate; and number of attempts.
Conclusion: This review suggests that simulation-based training is one effective way to teach VL skills. VL allows for a higher success rate, faster response time, and a decrease in the number of attempts by health care students and health care professionals under the conditions based on the eleven studies reviewed.
Keywords: laryngoscopy, video laryngoscopy, simulation, systematic review, health care professionals, health care students
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