A retrospective study to assess resource utilization in patients with cervical dystonia in the United Kingdom
Authors Raluy-Callado M, Gabriel S, Dinet J, Wang M, Wasiak R
Received 3 December 2014
Accepted for publication 31 January 2015
Published 9 March 2015 Volume 2015:11 Pages 647—655
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Roger Pinder
Mireia Raluy-Callado,1 Sylvie Gabriel,2 Jérôme Dinet,2 Meng Wang,1 Radek Wasiak1
1Retrospective Observational Studies, Evidera, London, UK; 2Ipsen Pharma, Boulogne-Billancourt, France
Purpose: Cervical dystonia (CD) is a hypertonic condition caused by damage to the central nervous system. Very few studies have assessed the overall economic burden of the disease. The objective of this study was to describe the utilization of health care resources of patients with CD in the UK primary care setting, using a large population-based database.
Patients and methods: Adults with a first diagnosis of CD between January 1, 2007 and January 31, 2011, who were registered to a general practitioner (GP) practice contributing to The Health Improvement Network (THIN), were included. Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were assessed at the time of diagnosis. Health care resource utilization and pharmacological treatment were investigated at the end of the first and second year after diagnosis.
Results: Overall, 4,024 newly diagnosed patients with CD were identified, with average age at diagnosis of 45 years old; 65.3% were female. Depression in the year prior to diagnosis was the most common comorbidity. Primary care utilization was high in the first year, with 99.2% of patients visiting their GP (on average 6.2 times), and 43% visiting a nurse (on average 2.5 times). Patients were most commonly referred to an orthopedic surgeon, and 15.9% reported at least one physiotherapy visit. In the second year, utilization was similar. Prescriptions of at least one of the investigated treatments were found in 82.0% and 45.3%, in the first and second year, respectively.
Conclusion: Findings suggest a high number of new CD cases are being identified in primary care, but not all will be referred to secondary care. Health care resource utilization was compared with that of all patients registered in THIN, which is representative of the UK, and the adjusted usage of primary care resources was found to be similar to that of the THIN population.
Keywords: primary care, health care utilization
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