A Response to “Effect of Integrated Pictorial Handbook Education and Counseling on Improving Anemia Status, Knowledge, Food Intake, and Iron Tablet Compliance Among Anemic Pregnant Women in Indonesia: A Quasi-Experimental Study” [Letter]
Received 27 January 2020
Accepted for publication 31 January 2020
Published 7 February 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 141—142
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser
Heru Santoso Wahito Nugroho, 1 Suparji Suparji, 1 Wiwin Martiningsih, 2 I Putu Suiraoka, 3 Joel Rey Ugsang Acob, 4 Sahrir Sillehu 5
1Midwifery Department, Poltekkes Kemenkes Surabaya, Surabaya, Jawa Timur, Indonesia; 2Nursing Department, Poltekkes Kemenkes Malang, Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia; 3Nutrition Department, Poltekkes Kemenkes Denpasar, Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia; 4Nursing Deparment, Visayas State University, Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines; 5Public Health Department, STIKes Maluku Husada, Kairatu, Maluku, Indonesia
Correspondence: Heru Santoso Wahito Nugroho
Midwifery Department, Poltekkes Kemenkes Surabaya, Pucang Jajar Tengah 56, Surabaya, Jawa Timur 60282, Indonesia
Tel +62 82142259360
Fax +62 315028141
We have carefully studied the article published under the title "Effect of Integrated Pictorial Handbook Education and Counseling on Improving Anemia Status, Knowledge, Food Intake, and Iron Tablet Compliance Among Anemic Pregnant Women in Indonesia: A Quasi-Experimental Study". 1
View the original paper by Nahrisah and colleagues.
We have carefully studied the article published under the title "Effect of Integrated Pictorial Handbook Education and Counseling on Improving Anemia Status, Knowledge, Food Intake, and Iron Tablet Compliance Among Anemic Pregnant Women in Indonesia: A Quasi-Experimental Study".1
The results of this study had proven that counseling using a handbook that had been prepared by the researchers was really useful to increase knowledge, maintain adequate nutrition and prevent anemia in pregnant women, which was characterized by increased levels of hemoglobin and hematocrit.1
This finding is very valuable information in the effort to prevent anemia in pregnancy. Thus, the Integrated Pictorial Handbook Education and Counseling can be recommended as a superior health education media in order to improve the health of pregnant women in various regions.
On this occasion, we would like to submit a response to the article, as well as providing input so that further analysis can be carried out, so that more in-depth new information can be produced, particularly with regard to detailed explanations of how the stages of the process of increasing hemoglobin levels and hematocrit as a result of education and counseling.
In the process of data analysis, the researchers chose the ANCOVA in order to prove the effectiveness of counseling using the Integrated Pictorial Handbook Education and Counseling to increase hemoglobin levels, hematocrit levels, birth weight, knowledge, daily iron intake from food, FFQ scores and IFA intake. In principle, ANCOVA does not consider any direct or indirect influence. In other words, using the ANCOVA, it is assumed that the use of the handbook has a direct impact on the seven dependent variables. Whereas, logically and referring to references about physio-pathological processes, there are certainly lines of influence indirectly involving one independent variable and the seven dependent variables. For clarity, we propose the following alternative schemes on the intended pathways of influence (Figure 1). This scheme can be refined further, by referring to relevant references.
Figure 1 Pathways to influence integrated pictorial handbook education and counseling on anemia status in pregnant women.
By considering the pathways of influence as shown in Figure 1, the use of ANCOVA is not enough, in other words, further statistical analysis is still needed to be able to explain each of these pathways, both directly and indirectly. In this case, the statistical analysis that can be used to explain this set of processes is path analysis. At present, there are many statistical programs that can be used as tools to easily analyze pathways, including IBM SPSS AMOS.2
We hope that the authors will carry out further analyzes using path analysis, and further findings will be published in this journal. It is hoped that with the results of the follow-up analysis, it can be understood in greater depth on how step by step Integrated Pictorial Handbook Education and Counseling can increase hemoglobin and hematocrit levels.
The authors report no conﬂicts of interest in this communication.
1. Nahrisah P, Somrongthong R, Viriyautsahakul N, et al. Effect of integrated pictorial handbook education and counseling on improving anemia status, knowledge, food intake, and iron tablet compliance among anemic pregnant women in Indonesia: a quasi-experimental study. J Multidiscip Healthc. 2020;13:43–52. doi:10.2147/JMDH.S213550
2. Arbuckle JL. IBM SPSS Amos 22 User’s Guide.
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