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A randomized controlled pilot trial of a smoking cessation intervention for US women living with HIV: telephone-based video call vs voice call

Authors Kim SS, Darwish S, Lee SA, Sprague C, DeMarco RF

Received 30 April 2018

Accepted for publication 3 July 2018

Published 25 September 2018 Volume 2018:10 Pages 545—555


Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single anonymous peer review

Peer reviewer comments 3

Editor who approved publication: Professor Elie Al-Chaer

Sun S Kim,1 Sabreen Darwish,1 Sang A Lee,1 Courtenay Sprague,1–3 Rosanna F DeMarco1

1Department of Nursing, College of Nursing and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA, USA; 2Department of Conflict Resolution, Global Governance and Human Security, John W. McCormack Graduate School of Policy and Global Studies, Boston, MA, USA; 3Wits Reproductive Health and HIV Institute, School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa

Background: People living with HIV smoke at a rate three times that of the general population. This randomized controlled pilot trial tested the feasibility and acceptability of a video-call smoking cessation intervention in women living with HIV and its preliminary efficacy compared with a voice-call smoking cessation intervention. The study focused on women due to a paucity of studies among this population, and women are less likely than men to quit smoking when provided with conventional treatment.
Methods: Participants in both arms received an HIV-tailored smoking cessation intervention comprising eight 30-minute weekly counseling sessions in conjunction with active nicotine patches for 8 weeks. The only difference between the two arms was the delivery mode of the intervention: via either telephone-based video or voice call. Survival analysis and a Cox proportional hazard regression model were performed to identify factors predicting 6-month prolonged abstinence from smoking.
Results: A video-call intervention was almost 30% less feasible than a voice-call intervention because women in their 50s and 60s or poorer women living in some southern states did not have access to video-call equipment. However, those who received the video-call intervention were more likely to complete the study than those who had the voice-call intervention. There was no difference in the acceptability of the two interventions. A survival analysis revealed that those in the video arm were significantly more likely to maintain smoking abstinence over the 6-month follow-up period than those in the voice arm (log rank χ2=4.02, P<0.05).
Conclusion: Although a video-call intervention is less feasible than a voice-call intervention, the former seems to outperform the latter in achieving long-term smoking abstinence for women living with HIV, which may offer an advantage over establishing therapeutic alliance and visually monitoring their adherence to nicotine patches.
Clinical trial registration: NCT02898597.

Keywords: HIV, women, smoking cessation intervention, video call

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