A qualitative study of children’s quality of life in the context of living with cleft lip and palate
Received 4 May 2018
Accepted for publication 17 August 2018
Published 18 January 2019 Volume 2019:10 Pages 13—20
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Professor Roosy Aulakh
Maryam Zeraatkar,1 Shabnam Ajami,2 Nasser Nadjmi,3 Seyad Aliakbar Faghihi,4 Ali Golkari1
1Oral and Dental Disease Research Center, Department of Dental Public Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; 2Orthodontic Research Center, Department of Orthodontics, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran; 3Department of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery, Antwerp University Hospital, Antwerpen, Belgium; 4Clinical Educational Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Background and objective: Quality-of-life measures have been expanded to help in assessing the physical and psychosocial effects of oral health. Although, in the case of children undergoing oral surgery, the oro-facial status is generally measured by studies, it is essential to carry out investigations into the level of quality of life (QoL) after surgery to assess the actual effect of these surgeries on children’s lives. Hence, our study is aimed at evaluating the QoL in these children.
Methods: The study was performed using qualitative content analysis method. Eighteen caregivers of 4–6 year old children with a history of unilateral cleft lip and palate participated in in-depth interviews about the children’s experiences with different problems affecting their daily lives. The results were divided into codes, sub-categories and categories through an inductive process in which the researchers moved from the specific to the general.
Result: A number of problems were identified, particularly insufficient functional and socio-emotional well-being including, difficulty in eating and speaking, dento-facial problems, shame, anxiety, insufficient peer interaction and dissatisfaction with their own appearance.
Conclusion: The most critical problems derived from the participants’ experiences were insufficient functional and socio-emotional well-being that contributed to the reduced QoL among these children. Long term multidisciplinary interventional strategies such as psycho-social supportive programs are required to improve the QoL of these children. These interventions should be considered from the early stages of treatment, or even early stages of diagnosis.
Keywords: children, cleft lip, cleft palate, quality of life
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