A patient-reported, non-interventional, cross-sectional discrete choice experiment to determine treatment attribute preferences in treatment-naïve overactive bladder patients in the US
Received 29 June 2018
Accepted for publication 19 September 2018
Published 12 October 2018 Volume 2018:12 Pages 2139—2152
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single-blind
Peer reviewers approved by Ms Justinn Cochran
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Johnny Chen
Amod Athavale,1 Katherine Gooch,2 David Walker,2 Marissa Suh,1 Jillian Scaife,1 Ali Haber,1 Nandini Hadker,1 Roger Dmochowski3
1Trinity Partners LLC, Waltham, MA, USA; 2Astellas Pharma Global Development, Inc., Northbrook, IL, USA; 3Urologic Surgery, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
Purpose: Many pharmacotherapeutic treatment options are available for the symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB), each offering varying efficacy, safety, and tolerability profiles that must be carefully considered when selecting treatment. The objective of the present study was to characterize pharmacotherapy treatment preferences of individuals with symptoms of OAB and to examine how preferences differ by both patient characteristics and disease burden metrics.
Patients and methods: Patient preferences for OAB treatment attributes were examined using a discrete choice experiment (DCE). Attributes were identified through literature review, clinical relevance, and input from patients. Eligible respondents were required to be ≥18 years of age, have a self-reported physician OAB diagnosis or have self-reported symptoms of OAB, and be naïve to pharmacotherapy or invasive OAB treatments. A hierarchical Bayesian random-effects-only model was used to estimate the mean relative preference weights and mean relative importance scores of treatment attributes. Multivariable linear regression models with backward selection were used to analyze the differences in relative importance scores by demographic characteristics and disease burden-related metrics.
Results: In total, 514 individuals participated in the study. Most respondents were <65 years of age (66.0%), female (68.5%), and reported moderate/severe OAB symptoms (64.2%). Overall, respondents placed the greatest importance on drug delivery method, with a preference for oral and patches over injectables, followed by efficacy defined as reduced daytime micturition and out-of-pocket cost. Multivariable linear regression analyses revealed that females were less likely to select injectables, that symptom control of incontinence was the most important to respondents who reported greater work productivity loss, and that out-of-pocket cost was the most important to respondents with moderate/severe OAB.
Conclusion: OAB treatment preferences vary depending on individual patient characteristics and disease severity. Overall, drug delivery method, reduced daytime micturition, and out-of-pocket costs were the most important treatment attributes among treatment-naïve individuals with symptoms of OAB. Preferences for OAB treatment were also found to vary depending on patient demographics and disease comorbidities, which has previously not been examined.
Keywords: overactive bladder, discrete choice experiment, treatment preferences
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