A Non-Interventional Study of Tiotropium/Olodaterol versus Any Triple Combination Therapy for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: The EVELUT® Study Protocol
Received 20 May 2020
Accepted for publication 23 September 2020
Published 22 October 2020 Volume 2020:15 Pages 2601—2608
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 3
Editor who approved publication: Dr Richard Russell
Roland Buhl,1 Michael Dreher,2 Stephanie Korn,1 Christian Taube,3 Christian Stock,4 Christoph M Zehendner,5 Anke Kondla,5 Claus F Vogelmeier6
1Pulmonary Department, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Mainz, Germany; 2Clinic of Cardiology, Pneumology, Angiology and Internal Medicine Intensive Care, University Hospital RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany; 3Clinic for Pneumonology, University Medicine Essen – Ruhrlandklinik, Essen, Germany; 4Biostatistics + Data Sciences Corp, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co. KG, Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany; 5HP Country Medical Affairs, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma GmbH & Co. KG, Ingelheim am Rhein, Germany; 6Department of Pneumology, University Hospital of Giessen and Marburg, Member of the German Center for Lung Research (DZL), Marburg, Germany
Correspondence: Roland Buhl
Pulmonary Department, Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Langenbeckstraße 1, Mainz D-55131, Germany
Tel +49 6131 17-7271
Background: The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease 2020 report recommends that patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) suffering from persistent dyspnea, despite long-acting β2-agonist (LABA)/inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) maintenance therapy, are switched to either a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA)/LABA combination regimen or LAMA/LABA/ICS triple therapy. However, to date, no studies have investigated the direct switch from LABA/ICS to LAMA/LABA therapy—instead of switching to triple therapy—in a prospective, real-world, non-interventional setting.
Methods: EVELUT® (NCT03954132) is an ongoing, prospective, open-label, multicenter, non-interventional study comparing the once-daily fixed-dose combination of tiotropium and olodaterol (tio/olo) versus any triple therapy (LAMA/LABA/ICS) in patients with COPD who are symptomatic despite LABA/ICS maintenance therapy. Patients with acute or frequent COPD exacerbations are excluded from the study. Participants will receive LABA/ICS maintenance treatment until Visit 1, followed by switching of treatment to tio/olo or LAMA/LABA/ICS. The primary endpoints are changes in modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) and COPD Assessment Test (CAT®) scores after approximately 12 weeks of treatment. Secondary endpoints are change in the patients’ general condition according to the Physician’s Global Evaluation score, the proportion of responders with a change in mMRC score of ≥ 1 and in CAT® score of ≥ 2, and patient satisfaction with the inhaler and therapy. The study is expected to enroll approximately 900 patients.
Conclusion: EVELUT results are expected to add to the current real-world evidence informing therapeutic decisions for COPD in everyday clinical practice.
Trial Registration: The European Union electronic Register of Post-authorisation Studies (EU PAS Register): EUPAS29784; the Federal Institute for Drugs and Medical Devices (BfArM): NIS Study No 7305; Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT03954132.
Keywords: COPD, tiotropium/olodaterol, Spiolto® Respimat®, triple therapy, LAMA/LABA/ICS
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