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A Multidisciplinary Focus Review of Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Operating Room Personnel

Authors Tavakkol R, Karimi A, Hassanipour S, Gharahzadeh A, Fayzi R

Received 21 April 2020

Accepted for publication 1 July 2020

Published 31 July 2020 Volume 2020:13 Pages 735—741

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S259245

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Scott Fraser


Reza Tavakkol,1 Ashkan Karimi,2 Soheil Hassanipour,3 Ali Gharahzadeh,4 Reza Fayzi5

1Department of Nursing, School of Nursing, Larestan University of Medical Sciences, Larestan, Iran; 2Operating Room Group, School of Paramedical, Hamadan University of Medical Science, Hamadan, Iran; 3Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran; 4Operating Room Department, North Khorasan University of Medical Science, Bojnord, North Khorasan, Iran; 5Department of Operating Room, School of Paramedical, Kermanshah University of Medical Science, Kermanshah, Iran

Correspondence: Reza Tavakkol
Larestan University of Medical Sciences, Larestan 7431975566, Iran
Tel +9871-52342877
Fax +9871-52344724
Email tavakkolreza.73@gmail.com

Abstract: Musculoskeletal disorder is one of the major health issues and is recognized as the second most common occupational disease. The aim of the present study was to investigate the different aspects of musculoskeletal disorders in operating room personnel. The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of MSDs among operating room personnel, in January 2020. In this study, the authors explored 30 articles from five databases including Medline/PubMed, ProQuest, Scopus, Embase, and Google Scholar. The present study found that physical, psychological, and demographic characteristics including age, gender, work experience, and smoking were the most important risk factors for these disorders. Musculoskeletal disorders were also prevalent in different areas of the body, with the highest prevalence being in the lumbar region. In addition, regular exercise and physical activity, the use of stretching and gentle exercise to reduce physical pressure, regard to the principles of ergonomics in the workplace, regular physical examinations, and awareness of the risk factors for these disorders. Therefore, operating room officials need to promote operating room programs focused on reducing musculoskeletal disorders and increase the awareness of the personnel about the risk factors by conducting training courses.

Keywords: musculoskeletal disorders, musculoskeletal injuries, operating room

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