Back to Journals » Nursing: Research and Reviews » Volume 6

A description and critical analysis of the therapeutic uses of transcranial direct current stimulation: implications for clinical practice and research

Authors Vance DE, Fazeli PL, Cody SL, Bell TR, Northcutt Pope C

Received 23 June 2016

Accepted for publication 1 August 2016

Published 14 September 2016 Volume 2016:6 Pages 23—31

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/NRR.S115627

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Lucy Goodman

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Dr Cindy Hudson

David E Vance,1 Pariya L Fazeli,1 Shameka L Cody,1 Tyler R Bell,2 Caitlin Northcutt Pope,3

1
Department of Acute, Chronic and Continuing Care, School of Nursing, 2Lifespan Developmental Psychology Program, 3Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA

Abstract: For centuries, since the advent of harnessing magnetic and electrical energies, humans have been applying such energies to various body parts, including the brain, with the goal of improving health. Advancements over the past 2 decades in the production and affordability of such devices that precisely deliver such energies have resulted in novel therapeutic uses. One technique in particular, transcranial direct current stimulation, uses electrodes placed on the scalp to deliver a low electrical current to various areas on the surface of the neocortex. Such electrical currents stimulate neurons, which depending on the area of the neocortex it is applied and certain stimulation parameters, can either excite or inhibit certain functions within the brain that may result in alterations in mood, cognition, and behavior. This article provides an overview of this approach, explains how it is used, describes the hypothesized neurobiomechanisms involved, and explores its therapeutic potential. From this overview, implications for nursing practice and innovative uses for nursing research are posited.

Keywords: tDCS, mood, cognition, electrical stimulation, cognitive training, depression

Creative Commons License This work is published and licensed by Dove Medical Press Limited. The full terms of this license are available at https://www.dovepress.com/terms.php and incorporate the Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. By accessing the work you hereby accept the Terms. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. For permission for commercial use of this work, please see paragraphs 4.2 and 5 of our Terms.

Download Article [PDF]  View Full Text [HTML][Machine readable]

 

Other articles by this author:

The impact of employment on cognition and cognitive reserve: implications across diseases and aging

Vance DE, Bail J, Enah CC, Palmer JJ, Hoenig AK

Nursing: Research and Reviews 2016, 6:61-71

Published Date: 29 November 2016

Conducting an article critique for a quantitative research study: perspectives for doctoral students and other novice readers

Vance DE, Talley M, Azuero A, Pearce PF, Christian BJ

Nursing: Research and Reviews 2013, 3:67-75

Published Date: 22 April 2013

To write alone or not to write alone, that is the question

Vance DE

Nursing: Research and Reviews 2013, 3:43-46

Published Date: 13 March 2013

Successful aging and the epidemiology of HIV

Vance DE, McGuinness T, Musgrove K, Orel N, Fazeli PL

Clinical Interventions in Aging 2011, 6:181-192

Published Date: 28 June 2011