A Contrast Examination of Proinflammatory Effects on Kidney Function for γ-Fe2O3 NP and Gadolinium Dimeglumine
Received 24 December 2020
Accepted for publication 23 February 2021
Published 18 March 2021 Volume 2021:16 Pages 2271—2282
Checked for plagiarism Yes
Review by Single anonymous peer review
Peer reviewer comments 2
Editor who approved publication: Dr Farooq A. Shiekh
Qian Xie,1,* Tao Wen,2,* Aiyun Yang,2 Xue Zhang,2 Bo Chen,3 Jie Meng,2 Jian Liu,2 Ning Gu,4 Haiyan Xu2
1Division of Nephrology, Peking University Third Hospital, Beijing, 100191, People’s Republic of China; 2Institute of Basic Medical Sciences Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medicine Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100005, People’s Republic of China; 3Materials Science and Devices Institute, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou, 215009, People’s Republic of China; 4State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biomaterials and Devices, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210096, People’s Republic of China
*These authors contributed equally to this work
Correspondence: Haiyan Xu
Institute of Basic Medical Sciences Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medicine Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100005, People’s Republic of China
Email [email protected]
State Key Laboratory of Bioelectronics, Jiangsu Key Laboratory for Biomaterials and Devices, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, 210096, People’s Republic of China
Email [email protected]
Background: Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a powerful diagnostic tool for many diseases. In many situations, the contrasts are repeatedly administrated in order to monitor and assess the disease progression.
Objective: To investigate and compare the biological effects of γ-Fe2O3 nanoparticle (NP) and gadolinium dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA) with high and multiple doses on the kidney of healthy mice.
Methods: Polydextrose sorbitol carboxymethyl ether coated γ-Fe2O3 NP with hydrodynamic size of 68.2 nm and clinically applied Gd-DTPA were employed on healthy mice with the repeatedly intravenous administration of high doses. The cell viability of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in high doses of these two contrast agents were measured using the xCELLigence Real-Time Cell Analysis (RTCA) S16 Instrument. The biological effects of γ-Fe2O3 NP and Gd-DTPA on the kidney were obtained using a biochemical automatic analyzer and multiple proinflammatory factor kit on the serum. Histopathological and immunohistochemistry analysis were taken on kidney tissues.
Results: It showed that the proinflammatory responses elicited by the γ-Fe2O3 NPs were weaker than that by Gd-DTPA, evidenced by the relatively much lower level of IL-1β, IL-6, IL-18, TNF-α, C-reactive protein (CRP) and Ferritin. At the same time, the γ-Fe2O3 NPs did not have the biochemical index elevated, while the Gd-DTPA did.
Conclusion: The γ-Fe2O3 NPs induced weaker proinflammatory effects in reference to the Gd-DTPA, indicating better renal safety. Therefore, it is suggested that γ-Fe2O3 NPs should be safer and optional choice when repeated contrast-enhanced MRI is necessary.
Keywords: iron oxide nanoparticles, proinflammatory, cytokines, renal function
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