A clinical study of annular cyclitis
Marilita Michael Moschos1, Yan Guex-Crosier2, Ioannis Margetis1, Leonidas Zografos2
1Department of Ophthalmology, University of Athens, Greece; 2Jules Gonin Eye Hospital, University of Lausanne, Switzerland
Purpose: To investigate six cases of annular cyclitis.
Methods: All patients with impairment of visual acuity underwent complete ophthalmologic examination, color fundus photography, laboratory tests and fluorescein angiography. Indocyanine green (ICG) angiography and B-scan ultrasonography were also performed in three cases in order to diagnose the disease.
Results: All patients presented a unilateral or bilateral granulomatous uveitis, associated with inflammatory annular cyclitis. They had a shallow anterior chamber, a mildly elevated intraocular pressure (under 25 mm Hg) and an annular serous retinal detachment. A resolution was observed after specific therapy associated with systemic prednisolone therapy and antiglaucomatous drops.
Conclusion: This is the first description of an observational study of six patients with inflammatory annular cyclitis.
Keywords: cyclitis, uveitis, malignant glaucoma
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