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A case of ulceroglandular tularemia presenting with lymphadenopathy and an ulcer on a linear morphoea lesion surrounded by erysipelas

Authors Balestra A, Bytyci H, Guillod C, Braghetti A, Elzi L

Received 28 June 2018

Accepted for publication 4 August 2018

Published 12 November 2018 Volume 2018:11 Pages 313—318

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/IMCRJ.S178561

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewers approved by Dr Andrew Yee

Peer reviewer comments 2

Editor who approved publication: Professor Ronald Prineas


Alessandra Balestra,1 Hekuran Bytyci,1 Caroline Guillod,2 Antonio Braghetti,3 Luigia Elzi4

1Department of Internal Medicine, Regional Hospital of Bellinzona e Valli, 6500 Bellinzona, Ticino, Switzerland; 2Department of Dermatology, Regional Hospital of Bellinzona e Valli, 6500 Bellinzona, Ticino, Switzerland; 3Department of Radiology, Regional Hospital of Bellinzona e Valli, 6500 Bellinzona, Ticino, Switzerland; 4Department of Infectious Diseases, Regional Hospital of Bellinzona e Valli, 6500 Bellinzona, Ticino, Switzerland

Abstract: Tularemia is a zoonosis caused by the infection of Francisella tularensis (a gram-negative aerobic bacterium). Transmission to other animals or humans usually occurs through insect or tick bites, direct contact with a contaminated environment (mud or water), infected animals – mainly lagomorphs – or by ingesting undercooked meat or inhaling contaminated dust (hay or soil). This paper discusses the case of a 32-year-old man, who came to our Emergency Room presenting with persistent fever, inguinal lymphadenopathy, and an ulcer on his left lower limb on a linear morphoea lesion that had been there for some time. The lesion was surrounded by erysipelas. After hospitalization and tests, the patient was diagnosed with ulceroglandular tularemia. Antibiotic treatment with doxycycline resolved the clinical picture, but not the morphoea lesion.

Keywords: tularemia, Francisella tularensis, zoonosis, erysipelas, lagomorphs

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