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A case of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy associated with uveitis

Authors Sugahara M, Fujimoto T, Shidara K, Inoue K, Wakakura M

Received 11 January 2013

Accepted for publication 28 March 2013

Published 29 May 2013 Volume 2013:7 Pages 1023—1026

DOI https://doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S42678

Checked for plagiarism Yes

Review by Single-blind

Peer reviewer comments 2

Michitaka Sugahara, Takayuki Fujimoto, Kyoko Shidara, Kenji Inoue, Masato Wakakura

Inouye Eye Hospital, Tokyo, Japan

Introduction: Here, we describe a patient who presented with anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) and subsequently developed uveitis.
Case: A 69-year-old man was referred to our hospital and initially presented with best-corrected visual acuities (BCVA) of 20/40 (right eye) and 20/1000 (left eye) and relative afferent pupillary defect. Slit-lamp examination revealed no signs of ocular inflammation in either eye. Fundus examination revealed left-eye swelling and a pale superior optic disc, and Goldmann perimetry revealed left-eye inferior hemianopia. The patient was diagnosed with nonarteritic AION in the left eye. One week later, the patient returned to the hospital because of vision loss. The BCVA of the left eye was so poor that the patient could only count fingers. Slit-lamp examination revealed 1+ cells in the anterior chamber and the anterior vitreous in both eyes. Funduscopic examination revealed vasculitis and exudates in both eyes. The patient was diagnosed with bilateral panuveitis, and treatment with topical betamethasone was started. No other physical findings resulting from other autoimmune or infectious diseases were found. No additional treatments were administered, and optic disc edema in the left eye improved, and the retinal exudates disappeared in 3 months. The patient's BCVA improved after cataract surgery was performed.
Conclusion: Panuveitis most likely manifests after the development of AION.

Keywords: anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, uveitis

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