Back to Browse Journals » Clinical Ophthalmology » Volume 6

The anterior segment of the eye in diabetes

Authors Adeoti CO, Isawumi MA, Ashaye AO, Olomola BV

Published Date May 2012 Volume 2012:6 Pages 667—671

DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S27313

Received 13 October 2011, Accepted 11 December 2011, Published 7 May 2012

CO Adeoti1, MA Isawumi1, AO Ashaye2, BV Olomola1

1Ladoke Akintola University of Technology Teaching Hospital, Osogbo, Nigeria; 2Ophthalmology Department, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria

Purpose: A prospective study to examine the anterior segment of the eye in patients with diabetes mellitus.
Materials and methods: The anterior segments of the eyes of 181 patients with diabetes mellitus were examined. The commonest finding in the lids was warts, followed by poliosis and chalazia, and, in the conjunctiva, tortuous conjunctival vessels inferiorly (36.50%), pterygium (14.92%), and pingueculum (14.37%). Corneal sensitivity was reduced in 25 (13.80%) patients. Iris atrophy was the commonest finding in the iris. Dilatation of the pupil was delayed in 34 (18.79%) patients. Cataract was found in 119 (65.75%) patients. Forty-one (22.65%) patients had intraocular pressure greater than 21 mmHg. Seven (3.87%) patients, four (2.21%) patients, and one (0.55%) patient had seventh, third, and fourth palsy, respectively. No patient had sixth nerve palsy.
Conclusion: Primary care physicians and other allied health care professionals who are first in contact with patients are enjoined to familiarize themselves with the anterior segment features of diabetes mellitus and take necessary action when they are detected.

Keywords: diabetes mellitus, eye, anterior segment

Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML] 

Creative Commons License This work is published by Dove Medical Press Limited, and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. The full terms of the License are available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. Permissions beyond the scope of the License are administered by Dove Medical Press Limited. Information on how to request permission may be found at: http://www.dovepress.com/permissions.php

Other articles by this author:

Erratum

Adeoti CO, Afolabi AA, Ashaye AO, Adeoye AO

Clinical Ophthalmology 2011, 5:1107-1108

Published Date: 9 August 2011

Bilateral sporadic aniridia: review of management

Caroline O Adeoti, Adeyinka A Afolabi, Adebimpe O Ashaye, et al

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:1085-1089

Published Date: 24 September 2010

Readers of this article also read:

Conjunctival melanoma: a review of conceptual and treatment advances

Lim LA, Madigan MC, Conway RM

Clinical Ophthalmology 2013, 7:521-531

Published Date: 13 March 2013

Current primary open-angle glaucoma treatments and future directions

Beidoe G, Mousa SA

Clinical Ophthalmology 2012, 6:1699-1707

Published Date: 23 October 2012

Visual acuity and visual skills in Malaysian children with learning disabilities

Muzaliha MN, Nurhamiza B, Hussein A, Norabibas AR, Mohd-Hisham-Basrun J, Sarimah A, Leo SW, Shatriah I

Clinical Ophthalmology 2012, 6:1527-1533

Published Date: 19 September 2012

Punctal stenosis: definition, diagnosis, and treatment

Soiberman U, Kakizaki H, Selva D, Leibovitch I

Clinical Ophthalmology 2012, 6:1011-1018

Published Date: 3 July 2012

Annual direct cost of dry eye in Japan

Mizuno Y, Yamada M, Shigeyasu C

Clinical Ophthalmology 2012, 6:755-760

Published Date: 16 May 2012

Update on peripheral ulcerative keratitis

Yagci A

Clinical Ophthalmology 2012, 6:747-754

Published Date: 14 May 2012

A survey of prosthetic eye wearers to investigate mucoid discharge

Pine K, Sloan B, Stewart J, Jacobs RJ

Clinical Ophthalmology 2012, 6:707-713

Published Date: 10 May 2012

Sociodemographic factors responsible for blindness in diabetic Egyptian patients

Abueleinen KGI, El-Mekawey H, Saif YS, Khafagy A, Rizk HI, Eltahlawy EM

Clinical Ophthalmology 2011, 5:1593-1598

Published Date: 7 November 2011

Role of aliskiren in cardio-renal protection and use in hypertensives with multiple risk factors

Eduardo Pimenta, Suzanne Oparil

Vascular Health and Risk Management 2009, 5:453-463

Published Date: 19 May 2009