Back to Browse Journals » Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment » Volume 10

Suicidal behavior among Turkish patients with Parkinson’s disease

Authors Ozdilek B, Gultekin BK

Published Date March 2014 Volume 2014:10 Pages 541—545


Received 10 January 2014, Accepted 10 February 2014, Published 26 March 2014

Betul Ozdilek,1 Bulent Kadri Gultekin2

1Department of Neurology, 2Department of Psychiatry, Erenkoy Mental Health and Neurology Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Objective: To investigate the predictors of suicidal ideation and attempts among Turkish Parkinson’s disease (PD) patients.
Materials and methods: The study comprised 120 patients with PD. Clinical findings were obtained by using the Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale. Disease severity was measured by the Hoehn and Yahr staging scale, and the Schwab and England Activities of Daily Living scale was used for patient disability. Psychiatric evaluation was performed by the same psychiatrist using the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) Axis I Disorders. Severity of depression was measured with the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale. Suicidal ideation and attempts were considered positive if experienced during the patient’s lifetime. The Suicide Probability Scale was used to assess the risk of suicide. Data were analyzed by logistic regression models to identify variables associated with suicidal ideation and attempts.
Results: Based on logistic regression analysis, education level, age of disease onset, disease duration, depression, and history of impulse-control disorder (ICD) behaviors were significant predictors of suicidal ideation. The risk rate in the presence of depression and history of ICD behaviors was increased by 5.92 and 4.97, respectively. Additionally, lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation was found in 11.6% (14 of 120) of PD patients, although no patient had ever attempted suicide.
Conclusion: Turkish patients with PD who exhibit a high risk for suicidal ideation also experience disease starting at an earlier age, longer disease duration, presence of depression, and ICD behaviors, and should be monitored carefully.

Keywords: Parkinson’s disease, suicidal behavior, risk factors

Download Article [PDF] View Full Text [HTML] 

Creative Commons License This work is published by Dove Medical Press Limited, and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. The full terms of the License are available at Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. Permissions beyond the scope of the License are administered by Dove Medical Press Limited. Information on how to request permission may be found at:

Other article by this author:

Social phobia in Parkinson’s disease: Prevalence and risk factors

Gultekin BK, Ozdilek B, Bestepe EE

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2014, 10:829-834

Published Date: 21 May 2014

Readers of this article also read:

Social phobia in Parkinson’s disease: Prevalence and risk factors

Gultekin BK, Ozdilek B, Bestepe EE

Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment 2014, 10:829-834

Published Date: 21 May 2014

Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of acetylsalicylic acid after intravenous and oral administration to healthy volunteers

Nagelschmitz J, Blunck M, Kraetzschmar J, Ludwig M, Wensing G, Hohlfeld T

Clinical Pharmacology: Advances and Applications 2014, 6:51-59

Published Date: 19 March 2014

Population pharmacokinetics of olprinone in healthy male volunteers

Kunisawa T, Kasai H, Suda M, Yoshimura M, Sugawara A, Izumi Y, Iida T, Kurosawa A, Iwasaki H

Clinical Pharmacology: Advances and Applications 2014, 6:43-50

Published Date: 4 March 2014

Detemir as a once-daily basal insulin in type 2 diabetes

Nelson SE

Clinical Pharmacology: Advances and Applications 2011, 3:27-37

Published Date: 18 August 2011