Real-world impact of reminder packaging on antihypertensive treatment adherence and persistence
Leon Dupclay,1 Michael Eaddy,2 James Jackson,2 Aditya Raju,2 Andrew Shim1
1Novartis Pharmaceuticals, East Hanover, NJ, 2Xcenda, Palm Harbor, FL, USA
Background: Patient medication adherence is multidimensional and poses significant concerns to health care professionals. One aspect of adherence is a patient forgetting to take their prescribed medication, which may be improved with reminder packaging (RP). The objective of this analysis was to assess the impact of RP on patient adherence to antihypertensive therapy.
Methods: This retrospective, propensity score-matched study evaluated patients switching to a single-pill combination of valsartan-hydrochlorothiazide in RP compared with patients remaining on the combination without reminder packaging (non-RP). Patients receiving combination therapy between April 1, 2009 and July 31, 2010 were eligible for inclusion. Patients were propensity score-matched on baseline adherence and background demographic variables, including comorbidities. Medication possession ratio, proportion of days covered, time to refill, and time to discontinuation were evaluated as primary measures of subsequent adherence and persistence.
Results: In a total of 9266 matched patients (4633 participants in both cohorts), adherence was significantly higher in the RP cohort compared with patients in the non-RP cohort (medication possession ratio, RP 80% versus non-RP 73%; proportion of days covered, RP 76% versus non-RP 63%; both P < 0.001). Refill timing was 10 days for RP patients versus 16 days for non-RP patients (P < 0.001). Similar trends were observed with respect to time to discontinuation (RP 196 days, non-RP 174 days; P < 0.001). A higher proportion of RP patients remained on therapy compared with non-RP patients, with patients in the RP group being 17% less likely to discontinue therapy compared with patients in the non-RP group (hazards ratio 0.833; 95% confidence interval 0.793–0.875).
Conclusion: This real-world assessment of differences in adherence and persistence rates demonstrated that patients receiving RP were more adherent and persistent with their treatment regimens.
Keywords: hypertension, reminder packaging, adherence, persistency
Corrigendum for this paper has been published
This work is published by Dove Medical Press Limited, and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. The full terms of the License are available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. Permissions beyond the scope of the License are administered by Dove Medical Press Limited. Information on how to request permission may be found at: http://www.dovepress.com/permissions.php
Readers of this article also read:
Wong AWY, Zhang C, Chu CH
Published Date: 8 May 2014
Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM
Published Date: 16 April 2014
Single- and multiple-dose pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of apixaban in healthy Chinese subjects [Corrigendum]
Cui Y, Song Y, Wang J, Yu Z, Schuster A, Barrett YC, Frost C
Published Date: 27 March 2014
Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of acetylsalicylic acid after intravenous and oral administration to healthy volunteers
Nagelschmitz J, Blunck M, Kraetzschmar J, Ludwig M, Wensing G, Hohlfeld T
Published Date: 19 March 2014
Kunisawa T, Kasai H, Suda M, Yoshimura M, Sugawara A, Izumi Y, Iida T, Kurosawa A, Iwasaki H
Published Date: 4 March 2014
Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS
Published Date: 15 November 2012
A novel preparation method for silicone oil nanoemulsions and its application for coating hair with silicone
Hu Z, Liao M, Chen Y, Cai Y, Meng L, Liu Y, Lv N, Liu Z, Yuan W
Published Date: 12 November 2012
Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS
Published Date: 27 July 2012
Published Date: 18 August 2011
Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant
Published Date: 14 July 2010