Open access peer-reviewed scientific and medical journals.
Dove Medical Press is now a member of the Open Access Initiative
An Author's Guide
A guide to help authors get their paper published.
Support Open Access and Dove Press
Promotional Article Monitoring - further details
Favored Author Program
Real benefits for authors, including fast-track processing of papers.
Panitumumab: the evidence for its use in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer
(4494) Total Article Views
Authors: Rossana Berardi, Azzurra Onofri, Mirco Pistelli, et al
Published Date September 2010
Volume 2010:5 Pages 61 - 76
Rossana Berardi1, Azzurra Onofri2, Mirco Pistelli2, Elena Maccaroni2, Mario Scartozzi1, Chiara Pierantoni1, Stefano Cascinu1
1Clinica di Oncologia Medica, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ospedali Riuniti Umberto I-GM Lancisi-G Salesi di Ancona, Italy; 2Scuola di Specializzazione in Oncologia Medica, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy
Abstract: Panitumumab is the first fully human monoclonal antibody to Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) to enter clinical trials for the treatment of solid tumors. The anti-tumor activity of panitumumab has been tested in vitro and in vivo, and inhibition of tumor growth has been observed in numerous cancer models, particularly lung, kidney and colorectal (CRC). Preclinical and clinical studies have established a role for panitumumab in metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) refractory to multiple chemotherapeutic regimens. Based on these encouraging findings, panitumumab was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of patients with epidermal growth factor receptor-expressing mCRC refractory to fluoropyrimidine-, oxaliplatin-, and/or irinotecan-containing chemotherapeutic regimens. The improvement in progression free survival (PFS) and response rate (RR) produced by panitumumab monotherapy was significantly greater in patients with non mutated (wild-type) K-RAS than in those with mutant K-RAS. Therefore implementing routine K-RAS screening and limiting the use of EGFR inhibitors to patients with wild-type K-RAS appears the better strategy for select only the patients who could benefit from the therapy with panitumumab and also may have the potential for cost savings. The purpose of this review was to evaluate the patient-related, disease-related and economic-related evidence for the use of panitumumab in the treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer in clinical practice.
Keywords: colorectal cancer, EGFR; K-RAS, panitumumab
Cannotea Citeulike Del.icio.us Facebook LinkedIn Twitter
Other articles by Dr Rossana Berardi
Readers of this article also read:
"I was impressed at the rapidity of publication from submission to final acceptance." Dr Edwin Thrower, PhD, Yale University.
- MLA'14 -
May 16–21, 2014
- ISPOR International meeting
May 31 - June 4, 2014
- CINP World Congress
22 - 26 June, 2014
- Cancer Pharmacogenomics and Targeted Therapies
17 - 19 September, 2014
- 27th ECNP Congress
18 - 21 October, 2014
- ISPOR 17th Annual European Congress 2014
8 - 12 November, 2014
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
- Enzalutamide: an evidence-based review of its use in the treatment of prostate cancer
- The benefits and risks of testosterone replacement therapy: a review
- Tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitor treatment for sarcoidosis
- Tenofovir-associated bone density loss