Back to Browse Journals » Research and Reports in Biology » Volume 2

Modulating α-synuclein misfolding and fibrillation in vitro by agrochemicals

Authors Blanca A Silva, Olof Einarsdóttir, Anthony L Fink1, et al

Published Date March 2011 Volume 2011:2 Pages 43—56

DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RRB.S16448

Published 23 March 2011

Blanca A Silva1, Olof Einarsdóttir1, Anthony L Fink1,†, Vladimir N Uversky2,3
1
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA, USA; 2Department of Molecular Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL, USA; 3Institute for Biological Instrumentation, Russian Academy of Sciences, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russia
Anthony L Fink passed away on March 2, 2008

Abstract: A combination of spectroscopic techniques including atomic force microscopy (AFM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), was used to analyze the effect of chemically distinct agrochemicals (pesticides, herbicides, and fungicides) on the in vitro misfolding and aggregation of a presynaptic intrinsically disordered protein α-synuclein. Despite their differences in chemical properties, almost all the compounds screened affected the α-synuclein fibrillation in a concentration-dependent manner. The morphology of the aggregated α-synuclein was characterized by AFM and TEM techniques. In addition to typical fibrils abundantly found at the equilibrium phase, this analysis revealed the existence of a noticeable nonfibrillar fraction where α-synuclein was present as protofilaments, small oligomers, and large oligomeric species. The aggregated α-synuclein samples were separated into soluble and insoluble fractions by ultracentrifugation and subjected to structural and morphological characterization. Attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic analysis showed that the insoluble α-synuclein fractions possessed a high content of ordered β-structure, whereas the β-structure content of the supernatant pool populated by oligomeric species was noticeably lower. This study provides evidence that chemically distinct agrochemicals can directly interact with α-synuclein to induce structural changes and affect the fibrillation process of this important protein.

Keywords: Parkinson's disease, environmental toxins, intrinsically disordered protein

Download Article [PDF] 

Creative Commons License This work is published by Dove Medical Press Limited, and licensed under Creative Commons Attribution - Non Commercial (unported, v3.0) License. The full terms of the License are available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/3.0/. Non-commercial uses of the work are permitted without any further permission from Dove Medical Press Limited, provided the work is properly attributed. Permissions beyond the scope of the License are administered by Dove Medical Press Limited. Information on how to request permission may be found at: http://www.dovepress.com/permissions.php

Readers of this article also read:

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles

Prozorova GF, Pozdnyakov AS, Kuznetsova NP, Korzhova SA, Emel’yanov AI, Ermakova TG, Fadeeva TV, Sosedova LM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2014, 9:1883-1889

Published Date: 16 April 2014

Methacrylic-based nanogels for the pH-sensitive delivery of 5-Fluorouracil in the colon

Ashwanikumar N, Kumar NA, Nair SA, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5769-5779

Published Date: 15 November 2012

A novel preparation method for silicone oil nanoemulsions and its application for coating hair with silicone

Hu Z, Liao M, Chen Y, Cai Y, Meng L, Liu Y, Lv N, Liu Z, Yuan W

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:5719-5724

Published Date: 12 November 2012

Cross-linked acrylic hydrogel for the controlled delivery of hydrophobic drugs in cancer therapy

Deepa G, Thulasidasan AK, Anto RJ, Pillai JJ, Kumar GS

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:4077-4088

Published Date: 27 July 2012

Corrigendum

Chen ZQ, Liu Y, Zhao JH, Wang L, Feng NP

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2012, 7:1709-1710

Published Date: 30 March 2012

Particle size reduction to the nanometer range: a promising approach to improve buccal absorption of poorly water-soluble drugs

Rao S, Song Y, Peddie F, Evans AM

International Journal of Nanomedicine 2011, 6:1245-1251

Published Date: 20 June 2011

Recent developments in the treatment of acute abdominal and facial attacks of hereditary angioedema: focus on human C1 esterase inhibitor

Lourdes Pastó Cardona, Ramon Lleonart Bellfill, Joaquim Marcoval Caus

The Application of Clinical Genetics 2010, 3:133-146

Published Date: 3 December 2010

Crystallization after intravitreal ganciclovir injection

Pitipol Choopong, Nattaporn Tesavibul, Nattawut Rodanant

Clinical Ophthalmology 2010, 4:709-711

Published Date: 14 July 2010

Role of aliskiren in cardio-renal protection and use in hypertensives with multiple risk factors

Eduardo Pimenta, Suzanne Oparil

Vascular Health and Risk Management 2009, 5:453-463

Published Date: 19 May 2009