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Is there an optimal management for localized prostate cancer?



Review

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Authors: Jaspreet Singh, Edouard J Trabulsi, Leonard G Gomella

Published Date July 2010 Volume 2010:5 Pages 187 - 197
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/CIA.S6555

Jaspreet Singh , Edouard J Trabulsi, Leonard G Gomella

Department of Urology Kimmel Cancer Center Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia, PA, USA

Abstract: Widespread screening with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) has led to a significant increase in the detection of early stage, clinically localized prostate cancer (CaP). Various ­treatment options for localized CaP are discussed in this review article including active ­surveillance, radical prostatectomy, radiation therapy, and cyrotherapy. The paucity of high-level evidence adds a considerable amount of controversy when choosing the “optimal” ­intervention, for both the treating physician and the patient. The long time course of CaP intervention outcomes, combined with continuing modifications in treatments, further complicate the ­matter. Lacking randomized trials that compare treatment options, this review article attempts to summarize the different treatment options and associated side-effects, including effects on health-related quality of life, from current published literature.

Keywords: prostate cancer, PSA, detection


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