Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
Open access peer-reviewed scientific and medical journals.
Dove Medical Press is now a member of the Open Access Initiative
An Author's Guide
A guide to help authors get their paper published.
Support Open Access and Dove Press
Promotional Article Monitoring - further details
Favored Author Program
Real benefits for authors, including fast-track processing of papers.
Growth hormone doping: a review
(4710) Total Article Views
Authors: Erotokritou-Mulligan I, Holt RI, Sönksen PH
Published Date July 2011
Volume 2011:2 Pages 99 - 111
Ioulietta Erotokritou-Mulligan, Richard IG Holt, Peter H Sönksen
Developmental Origins of Health and Disease Division, University of Southampton School of Medicine, The Institute of Developmental Science, Southampton General Hospital, Southampton, UK
Abstract: The use of growth hormone (GH) as a performance enhancing substance was first promoted in lay publications, long before scientists fully acknowledged its benefits. It is thought athletes currently use GH to enhance their athletic performance and to accelerate the healing of sporting injuries. Over recent years, a number of high profile athletes have admitted to using GH. To date, there is only limited and weak evidence for its beneficial effects on performance. Nevertheless the “hype” around its effectiveness and the lack of a foolproof detection methodology that will detect its abuse longer than 24 hours after the last injection has encouraged its widespread use. This article reviews the current evidence of the ergogenic effects of GH along with the risks associated with its use. The review also examines methodologies, both currently available and in development for detecting its abuse.
Keywords: performance enhancing substance, GH, doping in sport, detection methods
Cannotea Citeulike Del.icio.us Facebook LinkedIn Twitter
Readers of this article also read:
Call For Submissions
Submit Original Research Article, Review, Case Report, or Rapid Communication in Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
- Local anesthetic failure associated with inflammation: verification of the acidosis mechanism and the hypothetic participation of inflammatory peroxynitrite
- Inflammatory mediators: Parallels between cancer biology and stem cell therapy
- Inflammatory mechanisms in the lung
- Effects of 4:1 carbohydrate/protein solution versus a carbohydrate-alone solution on IL-6, TNF-α, and cortisol during prolonged cycling in hot environmental conditions