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Cognitive-behavioral therapy for body dysmorphic disorder: a review of its efficacy

Authors Prazeres AM, Nascimento AL, Fontenelle LF

Published Date February 2013 Volume 2013:9 Pages 307—316

DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/NDT.S41074

Received 3 December 2012, Accepted 18 January 2013, Published 28 February 2013

Angélica M Prazeres,1 Antônio L Nascimento,1 Leonardo F Fontenelle1,2

1Anxiety and Depression Research Program, Institute of Psychiatry, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, 2Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Hospital Universitário Antonio Pedro, Niterói, Brazil

Abstract: The aim of this study was to review the efficacy of different methods of cognitive and/or behavioral therapies used to treat body dysmorphic disorder. We evaluated all case series, open studies, controlled trials, and meta-analyses of cognitive and/or behavioral treatment approaches to body dysmorphic disorder published up to July 2012, identified through a search in the PubMed/Medline, PsycINFO, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus databases. Our findings indicate that individual and group cognitive behavioral therapies are superior to waiting list for the treatment of body dysmorphic disorder. While the efficacy of cognitive therapy is supported by one controlled trial, utility of behavioral therapy is suggested by one open study and one controlled relapse prevention follow-up study. There is a pressing need to conduct head-to-head studies, with appropriate, active, control treatment groups, in order to examine further the efficacy of cognitive and/or behavioral therapies for body dysmorphic disorder.

Keywords: dysmorphophobia, behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy, literature review

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