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Application of liposomal technologies for delivery of platinum analogs in oncology

Authors Liu D, He C, Wang AZ, Lin W

Published Date August 2013 Volume 2013:8(1) Pages 3309—3319

DOI http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJN.S38354

Received 2 July 2013, Accepted 23 July 2013, Published 26 August 2013

Demin Liu1, Chunbai He1, Andrew Z Wang2, Wenbin Lin1

1Department of Chemistry, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; 2Laboratory of Nano- and Translational Medicine, Department of Radiation Oncology, and Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of North Carolina School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC, USA

Abstract: Platinum-based chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, oxaliplatin, and carboplatin, is one of the most widely utilized classes of cancer therapeutics. While highly effective, the clinical applications of platinum-based drugs are limited by their toxicity profiles as well as suboptimal pharmacokinetic properties. Therefore, one of the key research areas in oncology has been to develop novel platinum analog drugs and engineer new platinum drug formulations to improve the therapeutic ratio further. Such efforts have led to the development of platinum analogs including nedaplatin, heptaplatin, and lobaplatin. Moreover, reformulating platinum drugs using liposomes has resulted in the development of L-NDPP (Aroplatin™), SPI-77, Lipoplatin™, Lipoxal™, and LiPlaCis®. Liposomes possess several attractive biological activities, including biocompatibility, high drug loading, and improved pharmacokinetics, that are well suited for platinum drug delivery. In this review, we discuss the various platinum drugs and their delivery using liposome-based drug delivery vehicles. We compare and contrast the different liposome platforms as well as speculate on the future of platinum drug delivery research.

Keywords: liposome, platinum analog, drug delivery, cancer

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